Bioplastics

What is a bioplastic?

Bioplastics are defined as plastics that are made or derived from biological materials. However, corporations have acknowledged that the ability to biodegrade (the inherent property of a material or product resulting from the action of naturally occurring microorganisms) can be classified under being a bioplastic.

Bioplastics are either bio-based, biodegradable, or both.

image139

Bio-based, nondegradable plastics

Fossil-based, biodegradable plastics

Bio-based, nondegradable plastics

These plastics have been made into bio-based compounds (not on all occasions)

PE - polyethylene

PP - polypropylene

PET - polyethylene terephthalate

PA - polyamides

PTT - polytrimethylene terephthalate 

PUR - (partly based) polyurethanes

image140

Bio-based, biodegradable plastics

Fossil-based, biodegradable plastics

Bio-based, nondegradable plastics


These plastics have been made into bio-based, biodegradable compounds (not on all occasions)

PLA - polylactic acid

PHA - polyhydroxyalkanoates 

PBA - polybutylene succinate

Starch-based plastic blends

image141

Fossil-based, biodegradable plastics

Fossil-based, biodegradable plastics

Fossil-based, biodegradable plastics

These plastics have been made into biodegradable compounds (not on all occasions)

PBAT - polybutylene adipate terephthalate

image142
Bioplastics

Production

Bioplastics are a great market that has been under immense scrutiny as of late. This industry has the potential to kick of a self-sufficient, beneficial bioeconomy.